Pool Table Dimensions

Billiard table

While many people want to buy a regulation-sized pool table, they often make the mistake of overlooking the total amount of space actually needed in order to play. Break out your measuring tape, because if you don't have enough clearance around a regulation-sized pool table, you may need to consider a different type or size of pool table to accommodate your space.

Types of Pool Tables and Dimensions

There are different types of tables similar to pool tables, but are designed for variations of cue sports. Billiard, snooker, and carom tables are the basic three types of cue sports tables. For example, while classic "pool" is played on a billiard table, cushion caroms is usually played on a caroms table and the cue game of snooker is played on a snooker table.

Billiard Table

Billiard Table
Billiard Table

According to the World Pool-Billiard Association (WPA) the playing surface of the pool-billiard table for competition must be a rectangle shape. The WPA also requires six feet of space around "the outside edge of the table rails". This ensures that competing players using all sizes of cues will have enough room to play.

WPA Table Sizes

The WPA regulation "playing surface sizes" of pool-billiard tables are:

  • 9 foot: 100 (+ 1/8)" x 50 (+ 1/8)" (except cushions)
  • 8 foot: 92 (+ 1/8)" x 46 (+ 1/8)" (except cushions)

According to Billiards, the room size needed to accommodate tables:

  • 9 foot table: 14' 6" x 18' 4" room size
  • 8 foot table: 14' 1'" x 17' 9" room size

These figures represent a standard 58" cue length to calculate distance needed and includes the measurement for the outside rails. It's also important to realize that some pool table designs are bulkier than others and can increase the overall size of the table.

Additional Table Sizes

The WPA 8 foot table is referred to as the "8 foot 'Pro' size" in most US markets. Other pool sizes offered for home use include:

  • 7 foot: 39" x 78"
  • 8 foot: 44" x 88"

Room sizes need for these include:

  • 7 foot: 13' 6" x 16' 8"
  • 8 foot: 13' 11" x 17' 4"

Snooker Table

Professional snooker table in a playing room
Professional Snooker Table

A snooker table is built to standard dimensions of 11' 81/2" x 5' 10" (referred to as a 12' x 6' size), meaning that, in order for the game to be played comfortably, at the bare minimum a room will need to be 22' x 16' to accommodate players.

There are other sizes sold that may be easier to accommodate by the average home:

  • 10 foot: 10' x 5'
  • 9 foot: 9' x 4'6"
  • 8 foot: 8' x 4'
  • 7 foot: 7' x 3'6"
  • 6 foot: 6' x 3'

According to Snooker and Pool Table Company Ltd the size rooms needed are:

  • 10 foot: 15' x 20'
  • 9 foot: 14'6" x 19'
  • 8 foot: 14' x 18'
  • 7 foot: 13'6" x 17'
  • 6 foot: 13' x 16'

Carom Table

9 Foot, Solid Oak Carom Table made by Golden West from Billiard Wholesale
9 Foot Carom Table

This pocketless billiard table comes in a regulation size of 5' x 10', although you can find other sizes.

  • 10 foot: 5' x 10' (regulation size)
  • 9 foot: 4'6" x 9'

Room sizes needed:

  • 10 foot: 15' x 20'
  • 9 foot: 14' 6" x 19'

Table and Cue Size Matter

Specific guidelines can help you to determine what size pool table you need. All billiard tables are built on a 2:1 ratio specification. This standard means that the ratio is 2 (length):1 (width). So the surface playing area of the table length will be twice its width. When you begin to understand this important specification for any billiard table, you see that the 7' table dimensions are actually 39" wide x 78" wide for the playing surface, since 39+39=78.

In addition, you must accommodate the actual playing of the game. The cue length is also doubled and then added to both the width and length of the table. This ensures there is enough space to move the cue about the table while playing the game. The WPA states that cue sticks can be no shorter than 40 inches with no maximum length stipulated.

Room Size Formula

The formula to use when determining the pool table size that your room can accommodate is simple math.

Step One

Measure your room and convert feet into inches. Twelve inches makes one foot.

Example 15' x 20' -

  • 15 x 12 = 180 inches
  • 20 x 12 = 240 inches

This gives the room dimensions as 180" x 240".

Step Two

Multiply the length of the cue by two.

  • 48" cue: 48" x 2 = 96"
  • 52" cue: 52" x 2 = 104"
  • 58" cue: 57" x 2 = 116"

Step Three

Subtract the doubled cue size from the length and width of the room. Using the example of the 15' x 20' (180" x 240") room:

48" Cue

  • 180" - 96"= 84"

  • 240" - 96" = 144"

This gives the maximum size of table that the room can accommodate 84"W x 144"L.

52" Cue

  • 180" - 104" = 76"

  • 240" - 104 = 136"

Accommodates maximum size table of 76"W x 136"L.

58" Cue

  • 180" - 116" = 64"

  • 240" - 116" = 124

Accommodates maximum size table of 64"W x 124"L.

Step Four

Compare the maximum table size you found in Step Three with the dimensions of the different types of pool tables. The table you choose needs to have a width and length less than the maximum dimensions you found. If you need to convert inches back to feet, just divide by 12.

For the example of a 15' x 20' sized room, the maximum pool table sizes that can be accommodated based on cue size are:

  • 48" cue: 84" x 144"

  • 52" cue: 76" x 136"

  • 58" cue: 64" x 124"

In this example, it's clear that the standard pool table sizes can easily be fit in a 15' x 20' room with ample space for playing the game. In fact, this room can easily accommodate up to a 9' pool table or a 10' carom table using any of the three sizes of cues.

Easy Chart Reference

The chart below is an easy reference for calculating what size pool table your room dimensions can accommodate:

Cue Size Room Width/Length Max Table Size
Calculate Pool Table Size for Room Size
48" L

Width: Measurement (inches) - 96"

Length: Measurement (inches) - 96"

= W

= L
52" L

Width: Measurement (inches) - 104"

Length: Measurement (inches) - 104"

= W

= L
58" L

Width: Measurement (inches) - 116"

Length: Measurement (inches) - 116"

= W

= L

Size of Table and Space Available

It's easy to see when using this formula that some rooms won't be large enough to accommodate a regulation sized pool table. If your room size is just slightly less than what is required, consider the cue size you used in the original calculations. Drop down to the next cue size to see if this change makes enough difference that you can have the size table you wish. If it doesn't, then you'll need to drop down to the next size table. While a smaller table might not be your ideal choice, it certainly is an excellent way to have a pool table in your home for hours of family fun.

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